1. Have a clear story line in mind
A trip is not a story in itself, it’s just of events. Some of these events will be interesting (you made it up Kilimanjaro!) and some will not (you arrived back at the airport on time).
That said, what makes an event interesting depends on the story you want to tell. Arriving back to the airport on time could be interesting but only if your story was about how everything ran late while you were in Tanzania.
So as a writer your first job is to decide on the particular story you want to tell and the events which make up that story and ensuring all of those events are interesting or useful to the reader.
To see the kinds of stories that get published look at the bold line of introductory copy (known as ‘stand firsts’ in the trade) of articles in papers, magazines. Try writing the stand first for your own story, and then use it as your brief.
2. Make sure your article has a purpose or goal
Some trips have a physical objective (like reaching the top of Kilimanjaro, crossing Costa Rica, or seeing a tiger) that gives your article direction and purpose. The reader (hopefully) sticks with you because they want to know if you’ll achieve your goal.
But many trips don’t have an obvious goal. They are more about discovering a place unpicking its meeting its people. In this case, create a personal goal to give your reader a sense of where you’re taking them.
Sentences like “I wanted to discover” or “I was keen to understand” give readers an idea of what’s to come, instead of you simply plunging them into the unknown.
3. Edit your experience to fit your story
Stories have characters, dialogue, pace, plot, suspense, drama – and all of those things need shaping and organizing to hold the reader’s attention.
Once you know your story line, gather the experiences that fit it – and dump the rest. Most travel articles will be 1,000 to 2,000 words long. That’s only 10 to 20 paragraphs, so you don’t have.
4. Write an irresistible first paragraph
You can start a travel article any way you like, as long as it grabs the reader’s attention. You can use drama, humour, dialogue, (or all three) – but those first sentences must grip like glue.
Many travel articles start in media res – in the thick of the story – and then backtrack to explain how you happened to be in this situation. Give this a try if you aren’t sure of another way in.
Put yourself in the reader’s shoes – what would grip you to keep reading? If you’re unsure, our travel writing prompts will help you get there.
5. Include dialogue
“Look! There! The tiger is on the prowl,” whispered Joseph. Or: “we could see the tigers heading off hunting.” Which sentence is more interesting to read?
Dialogue brings a scene to life gives personality to the people in your story, and allows you to convey important information in a punchy way. Whenever you travel, make notes of what people say and how they say it, so you can refer to your conversations accurately when you come to write your article.
6. Value the ‘show’ and ‘tell’
‘Showing’ and ‘telling’ are two everyday storytelling techniques you probably use without realising.
Showing is when you slow down your writing and describe a scene in detail – what you saw, tasted, heard, felt – you are showing the reader the world through your eyes. Telling is simply moving the story along: “We returned to the tents for a well-earned rest.”
Articles typically switch repeatedly between the drama of ‘showing’ and the practical economy of ‘telling’ – you need both so include a good mix in your feature.
7. Aim to entertain the reader, not impress them
Novice writers often try to pack their writing with complicated phrases or recherché nomenclature (like that). Fortunately, it’s not necessary as the point of an article is to entertain and inform the reader not show off your literary prowess.
Good writers tend more to follow Hemingway’s maxim: “My aim is to put down on paper what I see and what I feel in the best and simplest way.” That doesn’t mean you can’t be playful and experimental – just don’t do it at the reader’s expense.